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Decayed tooth enamel and gums are common problems among children and older people living in Alhambra. Traditional dentistry used enamel scissors, drills, rotary tools and cleaning brushes to treat these problems. There are two types of devices that are currently used in dentistry to remove decay from teeth, one is the Dental Drill and the other is the Dental Laser.

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Dental drill or drill dentistry is the most common and traditional technology used by dentists in Alhambra. This device uses hard metal alloy bits. These metal bits are available in various shapes and sizes as a useful attachment for different applications. Most of them are made with steel within tungsten carbide coating. Earlier dentist drills were slow in speed – around 3000 rpm – but today’s drills are much more advanced and can rotate at 800,000 rpm. But these drills can give you chills and cold sweats as they make physical contact with your teeth. This technique is not very comfortable but it’s also not too costly. The dental drill is still an essential part of every dentist’s equipment. Some high-speed dental drills may cause a smudge layer, which is a layer of dead organic material.

The latest technology used in dentistry is the ‘Laser’. A Laser is a device that emits energy in the form of amplified light. This amplified light is used to cut tissue and teeth. This light is transmitted at different wavelengths for different targets including enamel, gum tissue, decayed teeth, and whitening enhancement. Laser dentistry is an FDA (Food and Drug Association) approved technology and it has also received ADA (American Dentist Association) seal of acceptance, which assures the safety of this technology. Most dentists use lasers only for tooth decay, gum problems, and lesion removal. Lasers can also be used to detect cavities. NASA Langley research center has stated that two major wavelengths for dentists can be produced using the same hardware resulting reduced cost and complexity. Waterlase laser is the first laser approved by FDA for cutting hard tissue.

The major advantage of a dental laser compared to a dentist drill is that it causes no vibration and no pain. It does not require any anesthesia. It can target a specific portion without disturbing the surrounding area. Bleaching and swelling are also reduced and the patient feels comfortable and at ease. Currently lasers are used for recon-touring or re-shaping gums. Dental lasers are quite safe and are an effective procedure for treating dentistry in children and adults.

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No doubt, laser dentistry offers numerous important improvements over the dentist drill and also eliminates the common complaints of traditional dentistry. But laser dentistry has some disadvantages. For example, laser dentistry may not be used for teeth where previous filling has been done. It also cannot be used to fill cavities located between teeth, or shape or polish the filling. Laser is also not suited for large cavities that need to be prepared for a crown. Even though laser dentistry has some limitations it is by far the best dentistry for a patient’s comfort. As per a patient’s condition and requirements, your dentist can help you choose which is best for you.

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The technical term for orthodontic dental and facial irregularities is malocclusion, which literally means 'bad bite.' Malocclusion involves the misalignment of the teeth and jaws and/or an incorrect relationship between the upper and lower dental arches. Malocclusion can be dental, where the teeth aren't lined up properly and skeletal, which occurs when the upper and lower jaws do not line up correctly.

The way the teeth fit together is extremely important in how well teeth work and can affect appearance and self-esteem and the health of the teeth, digestion, and overall health. Because of the pressure the jaws can put on the teeth, misaligned teeth can also cause chronic pain and soreness. The most common causes of malocclusion are too much or not enough room in the jaw (or jaws) for the teeth.

The father of modern orthodontics, Edward Hartley Angle, created the classifications of malocclusion, based on the placement of the first molars. Malocclusions are divided mainly into three types: Class I, Class II and Class III.

In Class I malocclusion, the relationship of the first molars is normal and the upper and lower jaws are in a normal relationship to each other, but the other teeth are crowded, irregularly spaced, or overlapped. Crossbites and rotations can occur in severe cases of Class I malocclusion. In Class II malocclusion, the lower molars fit the upper molars, but are not in correct position. The bottom jaw grows into a more backward position than normal. This causes the top teeth to protrude over the bottom teeth. This excessive protrusion of the upper front teeth, commonly called 'buck teeth,' is the most common Class II orthodontic problem.

Class III malocclusion occurs when the lower molars are too far forward and don't fit into the upper molars. The lower jaw grows into a forward position, protruding out beyond the upper teeth. Class III orthodontic problems are usually the most complicated and difficult type of malocclusion to correct.

Malocclusion can range from mild to severe. Most people have some degree of malocclusion, and some people even have different classes of malocclusion on the left and right sides. For most people, bad bites aren't serious enough to require orthodontic treatment, but in those with moderate to severe conditions, eating and/or speaking can be negatively affected. Children and adults who have moderate to severe malocclusions need orthodontic treatment, perhaps even surgical treatment, to straighten their teeth and improve their quality of life.

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It may be the title of the Ramones' best known song, but sedation isn't just for punk rockers anymore.

It's also for dentists and their patients. No one likes pain, and with their drills and needles many dentists have an undeserved reputation as torturers. For many people just sitting in a dentist's chair can mean anything from mild nervousness to a full-fledged panic attack. Your first reaction may be to laugh, but for many people dental phobia means a lifetime of pain and toothaches.

It's a pain they no longer have to endure thanks to Sedation Dentistry.

Sedation Dentistry refers to the practice of administering a sedative before a dental procedure. For some patients this can be as little as a whiff of nitrous oxide (Laughing Gas) while for others it can mean going all the way under general anesthesia. Whatever the method, it relies on the simple truth that a nervous patient is more likely to have a bad experience than a relaxed one.

You've probably seen the ads that say you can sleep through your next dental appointment. Some say you'll sleep; others simply refer to a "sleep-like state." However they say it, they are both referring to Sedation Dentistry. What you do need to be clear on is whether they are offering Sedation Dentistry or Sleep Dentistry.

While Sleep Dentistry is really just a sub-set of Sedation Dentistry there's one very important distinction between the two. The patient is conscious when they are undergoing Sedation Dentistry whether they have taken a mild sedative in pill form or whether they just took Laughing Gas. It's suitable for the patient with mild to moderate anxiety, fear or nervousness. Sleep Dentistry means you're not conscious.

There are two main approaches to Sleep Dentistry: I.V. Sedation is the more common of the two, and usually refers to the use of a moderate sedative given by intravenous drip. The big advantage of this form of Sleep Dentistry is that there are general dentists who are licensed to administer it. You should also find out whether the dentist will perform the anesthesia or if there will be an anesthesiologist there. It can be better to have one person concentrate on the work while a second looks after the patient. General anesthetics put the patient much further under and require an anesthesiologist. The patient may have to go to the hospital for treatment, and it will require a physician in attendance.

Most people who request Sedation Dentistry only need a mild sedative; however there are some cases where a patient may require Sleep Dentistry. If you are considering Sedation Dentistry it's important to make sure you understand exactly what options are available so you can make an informed choice. If you have a special needs patient in your household they may require Sleep Dentistry, as might someone who is going to have a very large amount of work done. It may not be for everyone, but for many people Sedation Dentistry will open the door to a new smile.


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